Gun Control: How much is reasonable?

This week President Obama issued an executive order aimed primarily at closing the loopholes that allow guns to legally be sold without a background check. Unsurprisingly, this has generated quite a bit of controversy.

Many conservatives argue that the 2nd Amendment is clear: the Federal Government should not in any way restrict our right to bear arms. Liberals have countered with a different interpretation suggesting that our Founding Fathers meant that state militias should be free to bear arms. While I can understand why liberals think that, grammatically that doesn’t make sense. If that’s what the Founding Fathers wanted, they would have been more clear.

Having said that, imagine your neighbor who has a Ph.d in physics starts building a hydrogen bomb in his garage. Are you OK with this? Now I know what you’re thinking. We have laws against that right? We do. I doubt you could find any sane person who would argue that the 2nd Amendment gives your neighbor the right to build a weapon of mass destruction within a few yards of your living room. So we all agree there is a line somewhere and atomic weapons are clearly on the other side. The 2nd Amendment does not give each of us the right to bear any type of arms. There are restrictions. So the question is what should those restrictions be?

Imagine if a driver’s license was not a prerequisite for taking a car out on the highway. How safe would you feel knowing that many of those around you may not have any clue about the traffic rules and/or may have repeatedly violated them? There have been laws in place for years that require a background check when purchasing a firearm from a gun dealer. These were designed to preclude some people from buying firearms because they have indicated a serious lack of judgment. We could argue just how big the circle encompassing them should be but that’s for another day.

Unfortunately, gun dealers are not the only place you can legally purchase firearms. They can also be purchased at gun shows and online from private citizens with no background check required whatsoever. The President’s executive order will close these loopholes. It won’t stop every bad guy from buying a gun. Nothing will stop that. Even if we outlawed guns altogether and went around collecting them from everyone that had them, there would still be bad guys with guns. Seat belts don’t save everyone either but they save enough people to warrant their mandatory use.

I haven’t convinced you? Imagine your four year old daughter running around the backyard squealing with delight on a warm summer day while you’re inside making lunch. Unbeknownst to you, her shrieks have penetrated your neighbor’s bedroom through the window he left open. After a night of heavy drinking and another one of those fights with his wife you’ve heard far too often, this felon with a history of violence is suddenly awakened and he’s fuming. Enraged, he grabs his Beretta 93R machine pistol, a weapon that fires 1100 rounds per minute, punches out his window screen and sprays your backyard.

Are you really in favor of making it easier for him to purchase a gun?

Review: Star Wars – The Force Awakens

Let me say up front that this review is chock full of spoilers so if you haven’t seen the movie, you might want to stop reading now. Of course, if you are reading a movie review and not expecting it to have spoilers, I’m not sure what to tell you. They do.

I saw the original Star Wars (now Episode IV, a New Hope) when it was released in 1977. I was in the 8th grade. I just loved it. I wanted to see it over and over again but this was a time before movies could be purchased on VHS (that’s the 1977 version of a digital download for you youngsters except that it wasn’t digital and you couldn’t download it). After the movie, I convinced the theater manager to let me clean the aisles between showings in exchange for watching the movie over and over. It was obviously a great deal for him and it worked out well for me too as I found $40 in cash while cleaning.

A few years later, the sequel, The Empire Strikes Back, was released. It was  great because it continued the story and introduced us to new parts and characters of the Star Wars universe. We saw Luke begin his impatient journey towards becoming a Jedi. Just as he had been anxious to leave his Uncle and Aunt’s farm to join the Academy, he’s too anxious to go help his friends in the Cloud City to stay and finish his Jedi training. Han Solo starts out as someone who cares only for his own wants and needs but later starts to realize that whether he likes it or not, these people are his friends and he cares about them. Even Darth Vader begins as completely evil but later begins to have doubts, paying the ultimate price for choosing family over the Empire. Still, the cracks in the Star Wars storyline began to show. As great of an idea as it was to have Darth Vader end up being Luke’s father, it’s pretty obviously that George Lucas hadn’t thought of that when he made the original Star Wars. If he had, Obi Wan would have had a better story to tell Luke about what happened to his father in the first movie. Instead, George finds himself having to explain why Obi Wan said that Darth Vader killed Luke’s father when in fact, he didn’t because they are the one in the same. We get this lame excuse from Obi Wan that it’s all about your point of view. “Point of view?!?”, Luke replies. Luke’s response tells us that even George Lucas doesn’t entirely buy it.

Before I talk about Return of the Jedi, a little history is appropriate. 20th Century Fox was so convinced that the original Star Wars would flop that when Writer and Director George Lucas said he would waive his director’s fee in exchange for the all of the rights to Star Wars, the studio happily agreed. Years later they realized they had made what is arguably the worst decision in movie history. In fairness to 20th Century Fox, science fiction wasn’t doing particularly well at the time. What they failed to recognize was that Star Wars wasn’t really science fiction. It was more of a cowboy movie set in space.

By the time Return of the Jedi was released, George Lucas was making so much money from Star Wars toys and such that he apparently felt the movie would do well no matter how good or bad it was. Fans just wanted another dip in the Star Wars pool. It didn’t matter if it had been pissed in. The fans wouldn’t notice. Really George? You couldn’t come up with anything better than the Empire building yet another Death Star with yet another weakness that would result in catastrophic failure? Haven’t we already seen this movie?

Many years later, George Lucas decided to go back and do 3 prequels. At that time I thought that could be interesting. A lot of backstory could be filled in to help us understand things like how Obi Wan ended up hiding out on Tatooine and how the Old Republic fell, replaced by the Empire. How did Anakin Skywalker ultimately become Darth Vader? Alas, no. We found out instead that George really didn’t care much about these things. He only cared about selling more toys so the movies suffered accordingly. The first, Episode I was especially bad in terms of the plot. C3PO and R2D2 just go along for the ride instead of being the narrators they were in the first three films. I really thought the idea of these two characters being the consistent element that tied all the movies together made a lot of sense. It’s unfortunate that it was abandoned. Over the next two films we get to see some of the worse acting in all of the Star Wars films. You can forgive Hayden Christensen as he was relatively new to acting. On the other hand, someone thought it was OK for Christensen to wear the Dark Vader outfit at the end of Revenge of the Sith looking more like teen Dark Vader than anything. Are we really supposed to believe that Christensen’s whiny voice suddenly becomes that of the ominous Lord Vader?  And who takes such a fine actress as Natalie Portman and gives her so little to work with and so little direction that she comes across like it’s her first acting job ever? The actress actually said that after making Star Wars that she thought her acting career was almost certainly over. It’s to our great fortune that she found a way to prove that even the finest actor cannot convince you they smell wonderful when covered in horse shit.

For years it looked like Star Wars was done. George had taken what began as something with a lot of storytelling potential, something enduring that could be passed down to future generations, something that could become a classic, but chose instead of sell his soul to the devil. I mean that figuratively of course. It appears that even George felt it was done, selling Star Wars to Disney for $4 billion dollars.

Then in 2013, Disney announced that the next Star Wars film was beginning production with J.J. Abrams directing. This gave me a new hope (pun intended). After all, Abrams had created LOST, Super 8 and successfully rebooted the Star Trek series. I’m a huge Star Trek fan. He took a new and very bold direction with Star Trek and it worked. I heard people say that Abrams was even better suited for Star Wars. If that was the case, there was a lot of reason to believe this new Star Wars film could easily eclipse even perhaps the original. Being better than everything after  The Empire Strikes Back of course would be trivial with the bar set so low.


I anxiously awaited Star Wars: The Force Awakens with cautious optimism. The teaser trailer arrived and damn, it looked good! When it finally premiered, the early signs were that it was everything I had hoped it would be. Star Wars had been redeemed and could potentially live on as something great. Alas, it was not meant to be.

The movie is exciting, filled with action, great special effects, the occasional pun and most of the characters we have come to know and love along with some new ones. It’s entertaining if you don’t really care about anything other than being entertained for a few hours. The movie is broad but without depth.

I guess the first warning sign really should have been that the film was announced in 2013 for release in 2016. That’s not very long to write a script, do all the pre-production, complete filming and post production. At least, not for a film and big and as important as this. Disney was no doubt anxious to start getting a return on their $4 billion investment.

Because I had not seen these signs, I went to see the movie yesterday filled with anticipation. After about 10 minutes I started to have that same sinking feeling I’d had with the most of the other films. The Force may be awakening but my 12 year old son sitting next to me in the theater wasn’t. He fell asleep about 20 minutes into the film.

The basic story of the movie is a poor, young, orphaned girl, living on a desert planet comes into the possession of a droid that has information inside it vital to the interests of the Resistance and is is suddenly thrust into the middle of a conflict in which she has no interest. The remains of the Empire, now called The First Order, is once again run by a hideous, monstrous being and a dark, masked, cloaked figure who we later find out is related to one or more of the good guys. The Empire builds yet another enormous planet-killing Death Star only this time it’s called the Star Killer. Our heroine discovers that she has the force in her and gets into a light saber fight with the dark, masked, cloaked figure who wants to bring her over to the dark side and train her as a Jedi. She defeats him but doesn’t kill him despite the fact that he appears to be trying to kill her. Later, she helps deliver the cute droid to the resistance who, after extracting the vital information from the droid, once again finds a weakness in the Death Star, sorry “Star Killer”. They attack and despite over-whelming odds, manage to hit the target and destroy the Star Killer. At the last moment, the dark figure escapes so we know he and the Emperor, will be back.

Really? That’s it? Haven’t we already seen this movie? This is just a rewrite of the original movie. It’s parallel is so unimaginably unoriginal that’s it would be truly unimaginable had I not just seen it. I mean, they didn’t just bring back some of the familiar characters, but actually put them back into  essentially the same story. Even Han Solo and Chewbacca are back to their old business and unexpectedly get caught up in the war. So much for a decent plot.

In some movies, a bad plot can be overcome with well-developed characters. We start with Rey, the Luke Skywalker of this film, scraping by on a meager existence on the desert planet Jakku. Soon we meet Finn, a Storm Trooper with a conscience who decides to abandon the First Order when he’s told to kill innocent civilians. Abrams apparently thinks that we don’t really need to know anything about Finn. It’s enough that we see him hesitate to kill. He comes across a prisoner which he helps to escape only because he needs him as a pilot to get away from the First Order. They crash on Jakku where Finn runs into Rey and they end up having to escape in, conveniently, the Millennium Falcon which is in mothballs nearby. The two manage to barely escape only to be captured by of all people, Han Solo and Chewbacca. Next they are attacked by some bad guys because Han once again has failed to deliver on his promises. Some hungry aliens Han is transporting are accidentally released but only seem to immediately eat the bad guys. When one manages to grab Finn, it nearly drags him through the entire ship like a toddler dragging a favorite blanket, giving Rey all the time she needs to find the right button to close the right door and save Finn. Rey helps Han fix the Falcon as if she knows it well but again, we are giving no backstory to explain why this would be the case.

After arriving at the base of the Resistance, Rey follows what sounds like a crying baby to find Luke’s original lightsaber. Upon touching it she has flashbacks which apparently require no explanation because none is given. In the Empire Strikes Back, when Luke ventures into a dark area during his training, Yoda explains it for us. This time, nada. Finn is anxious to get as far away from the First Order as possible (where have we heard this before?) but when Rey is captured by Ren (the Dark Vader of this movie), he suddenly can’t live without her and is willing to risk everything to save her.

What? Come again? They just met a few hours ago, there’s no obvious chemistry between them nor is it even clear that they like one another but suddenly he’s willing to risk his life for her? Had there been some time and reason for them to care for each other this might have made sense but they are strangers at this point.

We are told that the droid, BB-8, has a map to Luke’s whereabouts. When he shows it, we are told that it doesn’t match any known star maps. Yet later, when a map of the galaxy is displayed with the portion of Luke’s travels they do know, there’s a missing section that perfect matches the portion that BB-8 has brought with him. Huh? So the map wasn’t encrypted or drawn in some bizarre way that no one understands? How exactly are we supposed to believe they they couldn’t figure out where this part of the map goes? The resistance is apparently desperate to find Luke and they have a nice dotted line on their map to the one region of space where clearly he must be and yet they can’t find him without BB-8’s portion of the map? Abram’s is either treating us like children or doesn’t think the storyline is important at all. Again we are just asked to accept all of this as the price of admission for another dip in the Star Wars pool.

Ren takes Rey back to the Death Star (sorry, “Star Killer”) and and begins to use the force to torture her into giving him the information he wants. She’s resistant and demands that he remove his mask. Of course he capitulates, something Darth Vader would never have done, and instead of finding out that his mask hides a hideous face, he instead is a handsome, young guy so it now becomes difficult to really, truly hate him the way we did with Darth Vader. He hasn’t even killed anyone yet. Failing to get what he wants, Ren decides to try again later and leaves Rey locked up. Rey suddenly figures out that she has the Force and uses a Jedi mind trick to get the guard to let her go. Huh? Once again we are asked to accept something implausible. Rey, having had not a sign that she has any special abilities, having had no training whatsoever, can suddenly perform a Jedi mind trick that it took Luke 3 films to master?

At this point we find out that Ren is the son of Han Solo and Princess (now General) Leia who sent him off to be trained by Luke. Instead he turns to the dark side and joins the First Order. Really? Where have we heard this before? It’s Obi Wan and Anakin Skywalker all over again. Leia asks Han go after their son because she knows there is good left in him, just like his dear old Granddad, Darth Vader. Unlike Vader, Ren cannot control his emotions and has a few temper tantrums. When his underlings fail him, he takes out his frustration on the hardware rather than make an example as Vader did. This makes no sense at all, though there was a funny moment where two storm troopers, coming across their boss having a fit, decide he needs some alone time and make a quick exit.

When Han comes across Ren, the only backstory we have is a few lines from Leia so we barely feel like Han and Ren are anything more than complete strangers. Just as it looks like he might be getting through to Ren, Han is killed by him. Again, no storyline to help us understand any of this. We are asked to just accept it. There were no signs at all that Ren hated Han. Clearly while Harrison Ford agreed to be in this movie, he wanted assurances that he wouldn’t be expected to be in any more of them. Chewbacca, having just seen his best and oldest friend killed right in front of him, chooses to set off the bombs he’s laid but doesn’t go after Ren to avenge Han’s murder. No, instead we get one scene back at the rebel base with Chewy looking more like he’s got a headache than mourning the loss of his best friend. Chewy was more distressed in The Empire Strikes Back when Han was left overnight outside on the planet Hoth than in this movie where Han is killed right in front of him. Leia, having sensed Han’s death, looks less like a woman whose husband (or at least the father of her children) had just died and more like someone whose lunch is repeating on her.

Later, Finn gets into a light saber fight with Ren. This is a fight between a former storm trooper who had probably never even seen a light saber up close and a Jedi who we assume has mastered it. Despite this, Finn seems to hold his own, at least for a while. Considering Ren’s custom light saber with it’s little mini-sabers sticking out the sides, it’s wonder that Ren didn’t kill himself. When Ren knocks Finn unconscious, rather than take the opportunity to kill this traitor to the First Order, he just stands there. Then, deciding that what he really wants his is Uncle Luke’s light saber, rather than walking over and picking it up, he instead uses the Force to will the device into his hand. With all his power and experience, the light saber is unresponsive but finally it comes loose from the snow and flies towards him, passing right by and into the hands of Rey! Wow! She really is some Jedi! I mean, it took Luke several attempts in the ice cave on Hoth but not Rey! She barely knew what the Force was a few hours ago but suddenly she’s doing things that her foe that her well-trained foe can not. She’s a quick learner because regardless of having had no training with a light saber, she has little trouble fighting Ren who as I said before is presumed to be at the minimum, very experienced with a light saber. We are asked to just accept all of this.

I had heard that the ending was a really twist. Despite the let down I had experienced so far, I figured that the ending might make the movie worth while. Since I knew that Luke was in this movie and had yet to make an appearance, surely there was quite a bit of movie to go, right? Nope. Luke is in the last 30 seconds of the movie and never utters a word. This was a decent setup for the next movie of course (like the ending of The Empire Strikes Back) but am I the only one that feels gypped?

The move title, “The Force Awakens” sounded great and I expected it to be the central theme of the movie. Instead, Rey discovers she has Jedi powers and is able to do amazing things nearly instantly. This could be accepted and even understood if there had been ANY backstory WHATSOEVER to explain why she might be a powerful Jedi. It’s not really central to the story at all. Put another way, Rey’s discovering of her Jedi powers is not really important to the story at all, let alone its central theme.

I had so much hope going into this film. Many friends had seen it and said it was great. Instead I saw a film that, while entertaining, did nothing to rebuild what little reputation Star Wars had left. It’s sad because it could have been great. If I could narrow it down to one thing, I’d say that Abrams was trying to put too much into a single film. That meant leaving out desperately needed backstory , plot details and character development.

Am I expecting too much? Is my bar too high? I don’t think so. Look at the Harry Potter series. It’s nearly perfect in just about every way one could measure it. Long after Star Wars is forgotten, the Harry Potter series will be an enduring classic. What’s the difference? The Harry Potter series was shepherded from start to finish by a single person who cared deeply for the story and only the story.


Is Spotify harming your Mac?

When my daughter was in elementary school, she asked me for a computer of her own. I told her that once she reached high school, I’d get her one. Last August, that day finally arrived so we went to the Apple Store here in Austin, Texas and bought her a MacBook Pro.

A few weeks ago, she started to complain that the computer was making a buzzing sound. It only happened while the computer was asleep. I checked it out and sure enough, every few minutes it would buzz and vibrate slightly like a smartphone set to vibrate. I made an appointment at the Apple Store and took it in.

The guy at the Genius Bar knew exactly what the problem almost certainly was before he even looked at it. He said, “The only moving part in that computer is the fan. Let me take it in the back and run a diagnostic.” He picked up the MacBook Pro and vanished into the crowd of customers and Apple Store employees. About 10 minutes later he reappeared and confirmed that the problem was indeed the fan. He said it would take 3 to 5 days to get it repaired and fortunately it’s covered under AppleCare. Several days later I received an email that the computer was back from repair and ready for pickup.

Yesterday morning, I noticed that her MacBook Pro was buzzing again. I took it to my desk (I work from home) and left it there, sleeping, while I worked. Every few minutes, sometimes several times a minute, it would make that same buzzing sound. Sometimes the buzz was very short (less than a second) and sometimes long (several seconds). I discussed it with Greg, one of the engineers I work with. We took a look at her Login Items in System Preferences -> Users & Groups. She had several that could no longer be found so I deleted those. This got Greg wondering about background tasks. He had me download a tool that would show them. There were only two. One was from Adobe because my daughter has the Adobe Creative Suite and that task is almost certainly checking for updates. The other was part of Spotify. Like the Adobe task, it was probably getting updated information from a server somewhere. Unlike Adobe, however, this Spotify task appeared to be running even when the computer was asleep. The computer was running on the battery and PowerNap was turned off for the battery so Spotify should not have been running at all.

Using the tool Greg asked me to download, we turned off the Spotify background task. I put the computer back to sleep and left it on my desk. It never buzzed again. So what was that buzzing that Spotify had caused? Greg is pretty sure it was the sound the SDD makes when it’s waking from sleep. This makes sense. Spotify was running a background task and upon receiving new information, writing it to disk. The problem is, it shouldn’t be doing that while the computer is asleep especially because SSDs have a limited number of reads and writes before they go bad. That number is really, really high but still, Spotify was unnecessarily reducing the life of the SSD in my daughter’s MacBook Pro. If you have Spotify installed, you might want to look into it.

I run a software company and I really appreciate feedback from users. With that in mind, I went to the Spotify website to contact them about the issue. There was no way to contact them without a Spotify account. Even the option to login with your Facebook account is not a solution because for that to work, your Facebook account must be linked to your Spotify account. It appears that Spotify only wants to hear from their own users.

If you’re a Spotify user, please contact them and point them to this post. They really need to fix this problem because they may be potentially harming Macs with SSDs without even realizing it.

As for the fan in my daughter’s Macbook Pro, it was probably coincidental that it was bad. Having said that, I’m tempted to take it back in and see what Apple thinks.

The new Apple TV (4th Generation): A good upgrade that will likely become a great one

The new Apple TV (4th Generation): A good upgrade that will likely become a great one

Apple TV A few years ago we decided to try an experiment. We disconnected our cable subscription but kept our internet. We bought an Apple TV (3rd generation) and then subscribed to both Hulu and Netflix for a combined total of $16 per month compared to the $80 per month or so we were paying for just the TV portion of our cable bill. My wife and I agreed to try it for 6 to 9 months and then decide how we felt about it.

At first, my wife was unsure this was such a good move. She was used to just turning on the TV and channel surfing until she found something she liked. With Apple TV and Hulu, she needed to actually think about what she wanted to watch and go find it. After a few months we both agreed that being able to watch what we want on demand was better. Occasionally we find a show we can’t watch because it’s not offered but that’s rare. The 3rd generation Apple TV made it pretty easy to find TV shows and movies to watch.

Yesterday I received the new 4th Generation Apple TV. It’s about the same width and depth as the old one but a bit taller and heavier.

Setting it up was quite easy. Plug in the HDMI cable for the TV, plug in the power cable and in our case, an ethernet cable since we already have it in room where our TV is anyway. As soon as you plug in the power cord, the Apple TV starts up. There’s no on/off button. The software setup was quite easy and in fact made even easier because I have an iPhone. It asked me if I wanted to set it up manually or use my iPhone. I chose the latter and it then asked me to move my iPhone closer to the Apple TV. It was then able to get most of the information it needed from my iPhone to set up my Apple TV. After that, I just answered a few questions and I was ready to go.

UIThe overall user interface of the new Apple TV is similar to the previous one. Anyone who had the old one will have no trouble with the new one. The first important difference is that all possible channels are no longer listed on the main menu screen. Instead there’s an app store where channels are treated like apps. You find one, select it and if you want to install it, select the Install button with the included Apple TV remote. I actually like this because there are several channels I never watch so having only the channels I care about on the main menu is a plus.

The new Apple TV can run apps made for it. They are basically iOS apps that have been slightly altered to target the Apple TV. I didn’t think this would be all that useful but after downloading a few games (which is about all there is at the moment), I discovered that it is actually kind of fun to play them on our big 50″ TV. The new Apple TV comes in two versions, one with 32GB of storage ($149USD) and the other with 64GB ($199USD). It cannot be upgraded and I don’t like to run out of storage so I bought the bigger one. The storage appears to be primary used for apps. However, I wonder if it’s also used to store video from the show you are streaming (from Netflix for example). More on this later.

RemoteThe new Apple TV remote is completely different from the old one. It’s got a touch-enabled area at the top that makes skimming through items on the screen a lot easier. This is also used for those times when you need to input text. On the old Apple TV, it was a slow process of clicking buttons to move the cursor from character to character. With this new remote, the characters are listed horizontally and you just slide your finger across the touch pad on the remote to find a character then tap it to select and enter it. It’s much faster than the old Apple TV. However, I found myself wondering why I can’t use the keyboard on my iPhone for text entry. Something tells me that a new version of the Apple Remote app is likely in the works to do just that.

The new remote also has Siri integration. There’s a microphone button you press and hold to activate Siri. You can then give it commands like “Show me films with Tom Cruise” or “Show me the last episode of The Simpsons”. If you missed what someone just said, you can even asked Siri, “What did he just say?” and it will rewind the video a few seconds and turn on closed captions. That’s pretty slick. Unfortunately, the Siri searching is not quite complete. As of today, it only works with iTunes, Netflix and Hulu. In the case of Hulu, it’s not complete. It couldn’t find the Korean drama my wife and I were watching. Apple has said that more channels will support Siri as time goes on. My guess is that Hulu will provide better support in the future as well. I have a friend that works at Hulu so I will be getting on him about that. 🙂

The old remote used infrared and I was reminded of this every time I went to use it just as someone was passing in between me and the Apple TV. The new remote is bluetooth so you no longer have that problem. The old remote didn’t need to be charged nor do I ever remember replacing its battery. The new remote apparently does need to be charged occasionally. Apple includes a cable for charging it. I’m told that when the battery is low, the Apple TV interface will let me know. We will see how long it lasts between charges. I don’t see this as a big deal if it’s not more than once every few weeks.

There is an included Search app that does seem to search a lot more content including Hulu’s Korean dramas so that really makes me wonder why Siri can’t find them. It could just be a bug. I’m sure there will be an update to the Apple TV software soon. No, you can’t use Siri for text input either which is a bummer.

Skimming with the new the new remote is a lot nicer than with the old one. We were watching last night when we wanted to go back a few seconds to review a particular scene. With the old Apple TV this was difficult. I often found that I would think I had gone back far enough only find out that I didn’t. Almost every time I did this I got frustrated to the point of giving up. The touch pad on the new remote makes it easy to skim by sliding your finger and the live preview lets you know exactly where you are. This is a huge improvement over the old Apple TV.

Volume Control – The remote has volume controls as well and can learn to control the volume through your TV or stereo receiver. I have had plenty of learning remotes over the years. They tend to learn in one of two ways:

  1. Hold the remotes end to end and push the same button on each at the same time. This is the most common way.
  2. The Harmony Remote is much better at this. You create an account on their website then tell them what hardware you have and how you have it configured. It then downloads a file to your computer which you upload into the remote. This is easier than holding remotes end to end and pushing buttons one by one. Still, I can see a person not entirely comfortable with technology being overwhelmed by this.

As you can imagine I was genuinely curious as to how Apple would accomplish this. Well, in true Apple style, they figured out how it really should be done. In the Settings app, you choose Devices and Remotes and then choose Add Device. The screen then asks you to hold the volume up button on the other remote until the progress bar on the screen fills completely. This takes about 1 second. Then it asks you to do the same for the volume down button. That’s it. You’re done. This was by far the easiest remote programming I’ve ever seen.

Streaming appears to work better on the new Apple TV. I say this from what is certainly quite limited experience since we have only had it for a single day. However, often when watching Netflix, even with our lightning fast internet connection (900Mbps down), it still sometimes stalls while loading up more of the show. Last night, this didn’t happen once. I wonder if some of that storage is used for the portion of the video you haven’t yet watched.

In conclusion, this new Apple TV is a very nice upgrade from the 3rd generation model. It was very easy to set up, the interface is more well though out, text input is easier though iPhone integration would make it so much better, and it’s nice to be able to play games. The Siri integration is OK at this point but I’m betting that once it’s more thoroughly integrated into the channels it will be the primary way people get to the content they are looking for. Siri is really the game changer for the new Apple TV or at least it will be soon.

Recovering My Digital Past

Recovering My Digital Past

Hard driveYears ago when I started doing writing on the computer, shooting photos, then video, and saving them digitally, it was so much better because it would last forever. Of course it will, right? After all, it’s digital. Bits and bytes don’t decay. Oh how naive I was. I should have known better. I had kept a journal for years and in some transition from one computer to the next I just didn’t notice that my journal didn’t make it. Years of thoughts and feelings were lost forever.

In 1999, I married. I made sure that the wedding videographer was using a digital video camera because I wanted to be able to edit the video on my own. A few years later we started having kids and of course took lots of photos and video as parents so often do. I then started creating iMovie projects from these videos but because they were so large, I stored them on a separate external hard drive as to not consume what free space I had on my Mac’s internal drive.

Around 2007, I went to access that drive only to find it wouldn’t mount. The drive had gone bad and of course, I had no backup. One option would be to pay around $500 to see if a data recovery service could retrieve anything. I decided to hold off on that and put the drive into a drawer where it stayed until about a month ago. I found myself wondering if perhaps something had changed in OS X that will allow it to mount the drive now. Wishfully thinking of course but it couldn’t hurt to try, right?

With little hope, I plugged the drive into my MacBook Pro then nervously listened to the whirring sound the drive made as the disk spun up to speed. Although it sounded normal, no disk appears on the desktop. I launched Disk Utility, a disk repair app provided with OS X, hoping that perhaps it could see the drive. It did but after it spend several minutes analyzing the drive it concluded that there was nothing it could do to help.

I considered spending $100 on a disk recovery app but since they offered no refund should it not work, I decided to call my friend Greg and see if he’d had any success with this kind of software. He said he hadn’t used the one I was looking at but had had some success with a different package. Greg then asked me if the drive was in a case in which it laid flat or stood upright. When I told him it was the latter, he suggested that I lay it instead on its side (flat) and then plug it back in to my computer. With very little hope remaining and the bar set incredibly low, I did as he suggested. Incredibly, the drive mounted and I was able to copy all of my precious iMovie projects off the drive. I asked Greg why he made this suggestion. He told me that when drives sit upright, the bearings inside sometimes wear unevenly. Sure enough, that was the case. I was quite grateful.

iMovieMy next step was to open these old iMove projects in the current version of iMovie and export them into Quicktime files so we could watch them again. Unfortunately, they were in iMovie HD version 6 format and iMovie has been through so many changes since then that the current version could not open them. Worse, iMovie HD version 6 is so old that it won’t run on my 2012 MacBook Pro. After some research, it looked like iMovie 08 would probably open these old iMovie version 6 files. Once there, I could then save them and open the iMovie 08 projects in iMovie 11 which I had on an older iMac. Once in iMove 11 format, I figured there was a good chance I would be able to open them in the latest version of iMovie and I’d be back in business. Then it would simply be a matter of exporting them.

This turned out to be even harder than it sounds. I bought a copy of iMovie 08 off of Amazon but couldn’t find a Mac old enough to run it. I called a video service thinking perhaps they had had pathetic customers like me before and might be able to help me update my digitally ancient iMovie files. They couldn’t and suggested that my approach would not likely work well anyway. The changes in iMovie over the years were so vast that it’s unlikely I would get what I was hoping for. Their suggestion was that I take the clips from the iMovie projects (which are stored separately on disk) and manually recreate the movies in the current version of iMovie. I was disappointed to say the least. The thought of spending hours and hours digitally recreating these movies, trying to get them just right from my 10 year old memory of them, was depressing.

ConvertingThis morning, I decided that I might as well give it a go. Recreating them was better than not having them at all. As I browsed through the various clips, audio, and graphics files associated with each project, I noticed that each had a .mov file with the same name as the project itself. I opened one with the Quicktime Player app which immediately displayed a progress bar and the message “Converting”.

New iMovieA moment later the full movie, exactly as I had edited it with transitions, effects and sound, appeared in front of me. I then simply saved the movie and voila, it was completely restored. It was amazing. I went through movie by movie and was able to restore them all. Apparently, in that old version of iMovie, each time I made a change, it rendered the entire movie out to a Quicktime file that fortunately was still compatible with the current version more than 10 years later.

I thought these digital files would last forever. Then I thought they were lost forever. Then they were almost miraculously recovered. The lesson here is that if you have old files that are important to you, you will need to keep them up to date with the latest version of the software with which they were made. If that software is no longer being updated, find another app to which you can convert them. I almost waited too long and lost these precious movies forever.

Gun Control

In my last post I compared gun ownership and gun death statistics. After posting a link to my blog on my Facebook page, a fierce debate was started between my friends on both sides of this argument. Both quoted statistics that supported their positions and had very strong emotional reactions to what the other side was saying. When I see this, the party having the reaction starts to lose credibility with me because they are now being emotional rather than rational. Emotions are important but what is more important when it comes to public policy is that we look at the situation rationally, trying as best we can to keep our emotions at bay.

While I generally favor keeping the government out of one’s personal business, I don’t own a gun and in the past have definitely favored reducing the number of guns in the US over any other proposal. However, my thoughts on this are changing. This week Sam Harris, an author and lecturer who is one of the most rational people I have ever known of, blogged about what he called “The Riddle of the Gun”. Sam is, on both sides of this issue in that he wants less gun violence but he is a gun owner. It’s a long post but well worth reading because Sam lays out a very rational argument and points out where both sides have been right or wrong.

In summary, Sam states that guns are hear to stay and we should be careful not to over-react to mass shootings like the one in Newtown (as difficult as that can be) because they are rare and there are many things that kill far more people each year, none of which are the subject of public debate. Where we do need more gun control, Sam points out, is in the process of owning guns. He suggests that a license to own a gun should be like getting a pilot’s license which requires hours and hours of training among other things. This is a sensible argument. Sam says (and this was pointed out to me by one of my pro-gun friends as well) that trained gun owners have a much better record when it comes to removing a threat and not killing innocent bystanders than police officers do. But for that to work, you need well and regularly trained gun owners. Right now, just about anyone can buy a gun at a gun show with little in the way of a background check and no required training. The police also can’t respond as fast as someone who is already on the scene. As Sam points out, this is not a matter of priority, it’s a matter of physics.

Sam has changed my opinion when it comes to guns because his argument is well-considered and quite rational. As much as I wish people weren’t killing each other, that’s still going to happen so we have to look at the most rational and practical way to reduce it. His suggestion is to make the process of obtaining a gun ownership license far more stringent than it is today and that seems like the best option to me as well. He also points out that a lot of gun violence is drug-related so ending the failed war on drugs would also end a lot of gun violence. That’s another point upon which he and I agree.

Read his post and let me know what you think.

Gun Ownership vs. Gun-Related Death Rates

I have been debating the issue of gun control in the US for a long time. In the wake of the tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School, I started thinking about it again.

Both sides have compelling arguments. The argument from those against gun control is often that there is no correlation between gun ownership and gun violence. The often cited example is UK versus Switzerland. They say the UK and Switzerland both have low rates of gun-related violence and yet, they are at opposite ends of the spectrum when it comes to gun ownership. In the UK, citizens cannot own guns whereas in Switzerland, just about every household has one.

Rather than take this as fact, I decided to research it myself. With Wikipedia as my source, I discovered that the UK versus Switzerland argument does not hold water. It is true that the UK has an essential non-existant gun ownership rate (it doesn’t even make the list). It’s also true that Switzerland has a very high gun ownership rate. It’s also true that the UK is near the bottom of the list when it comes to gun-related death. However, Switzerland is not. In fact, ranks 16th in gun-related deaths, not far behind the US.

For comparison, the US has 9.2 gun-related deaths per 100,000 people per year. Switzerland has 3.5 where as the UK has only .25! Switzerland’s gun-related deaths are 16 times higher than the UK. If you compare the tables of Gun-Ownership by Country versus Firearms-Related Deaths by Country, you will see that the countries with high gun-ownership tend to also be high when it comes to firearms-related deaths. I found another article indicating this same correlation and citing the CIA World Fact Book. However, the data was from 1992 and appears to be no longer available online.

I was not aware of this until I researched it. I thought it made sense that fewer guns would mean fewer gun deaths. But the anti-gun control argument was so compelling. It seemed that there was no correlation. As I have discovered, this has turned out to be a myth. There absolutely is a direct correlation between gun ownership and gun death just as logic would dictate.

It could be argued that the data from Wikipedia is not accurate but I think that argument is weak. I know from first-hand experience that the fact-checkers on Wikipedia are quite good and will remove what you edit or post unless you have good references. Certainly if this data was inaccurate and the gun lobby in the US could prove it, they could have updated the data themselves. It could be argued that Wikipedia has a liberal bias. The problem with this argument is that anyone can edit Wikipedia. So if there is a bias, it’s only that of those who choose to contribute. And again, without good references, new data is generally not accepted. If you can provide proof that Wikipedia’s information on gun ownership and firearms-related deaths is inaccurate, go for it. A feeling that it is, however, is something I would not consider. As Christopher Hitchens famously said, “What can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence.”

I have seen friends on Facebook share charts showing no correlation between gun ownership and gun deaths. These charts, however, usually are just pictures and don’t include reference to the data. And when they do, it wouldn’t surprise me if the charts come from someone or some organization with an agenda. It’s also an unfortunate fact that we tend to remember the first thing we hear about something even when we are later told that the information we received was incorrect.

It is my hope that you will look at this the way I did, with an open mind. The best way for us as a society to make the best-possible decisions, is to do so with facts, logic and reason rather than with our emotions. From what I am finding, gun-control does in fact lead to a lower rate of gun-related deaths. If we want fewer gun deaths, we need real gun control in the US.